Electrical Safety First: Lithium-ion batteries
Lithium-ion batteries have become widely used in a range of items including mobile phones and tools through to larger items such as electric bikes, e-scooters and electric vehicles.
Lithium-ion batteries have the ability to store an enormous amount of energy in a very small space; this guide concentrates on portable lithium-ion batteries such as those that you can charge in your home.
The ability to store an enormous amount of energy in a very small space is also one of the main disadvantages of lithium-ion batteries which can lead to risks of fire and explosion if they are not stored and charged safely. When used properly, lithium-ion batteries are convenient and safe to use but batteries can present a fire risk when over-charged, short-circuited, or if they are damaged.
Charging them safely is really important.
How to keep your home safe when charging your e-bike or e-scooter
Lithium batteries are used safely by millions of people every day, and when used properly they are not dangerous, but it’s important to be aware of the fire safety advice particularly when charging your battery.
- Don’t charge e-bikes and e-scooters in bedrooms or where escape routes can be blocked
- Don’t leave your battery charging unattended especially when you are out or asleep.
- Don’t cover chargers or battery packs when charging
- Don’t overload sockets or use inappropriate extension leads
- Don’t charge or store batteries in direct sunlight or hot locations (above 45⁰C)
- Don’t charge batteries close to combustible materials or hazardous substances.
- Always unplug your charger when you have finished charging
- If your battery can be removed from your e-bike or e-scooter and charged separately, it should be charged in area with good ventilation and on a hard flat surface where heat can disperse